By Andy Green
Britain was once the final significant eu country to create a countrywide schooling method and is determined to be the 1st to dismantle it. during this wide-ranging comparative examine, Andy eco-friendly examines the explanations for the asymmetric improvement of public schooling in England, Prussia, France and the us.
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Additional resources for Education and State Formation: The Rise of Education Systems in England, France and the USA
Modem sociology has only recently begun to fill this gap. However, theoretical studies of the functions of schooling. of which there have been many, have remained largely ahistorica1 and rarely include a full comparative dimension. 1 In the light of considerable advances made in recent years in comparative and historical sociology, this theoretical lacuna is somewhat surprising and leaves one of the most fascinating problems in historical development largely unexplored. Whilst the problem of educational development has prompted little in the way of sociological theory, it has not lacked its historians.
4). A fuller comparative study of the quality of education in different countries, which cannot be attempted here, would need to consider the nature of the curriculum and the effectiveness of different pedagogic methods. Although this would be a difficult task there is some evidence that the English curriculum was notably narrow in relation to continental schools, particularly after the introduction of payment by results. 1 24 Education and State Formation was, by comparison, a blunt instrument, more effective in stunning its pupils into sullen quiescence than for honing alert and intelligent minds.
While the advance of democratic forces have had an inestimable long term effect on the shape of education, and whilst equality of opportunity has been the recurrent leitmotif in educational ideology in the era of the welfare state, it is by no means clear that it was a predominant factor in the rise of early national education systems, at least in Europe. On a comparative plane, one is struck by the poor correlation in Europe between the spread of democratic ideas and institutions and the geographical map of educational 'advance'.